Oct 11, 2018

All The Function Keys And Shortcuts keys of a Computer Keyboard (Complete List)


Good day my able readers of Freedygist. Today I will be giving out the A-Z Control Keys (Ctrl) and all the complete Function Keys, SHORTcuts keys with other command keys of a Computer keyboard. all controll keys from a to z
A-Z Function and Control Computer Keyboard Keys, Function Keys And Shortcuts keys of a Computer Keyboard. So here is the comprehensive checklist of A - Z Function and Control Keyboard Keys for a Computer. All The Complete Function Keys And Shortcuts keys of a Computer Keyboard, all keyboard shortcuts keys, all computer functional command keys, shortcuts keys in a computer

I know you will like to know the full meaning of this Function and Control Keyboard Keys. that's right, now sit back and relax as you follow me in this article to know all

All The Complete Function Keys And Shortcuts keys of a Computer Keyboard


A function key is one of the computer special keyboard keys which is been used mostly to perform some certain actions on the computer system, unlike other keyboard keys. 

The function keys include (F1 – F12) keys found mostly on the first row of any computer keyboard. 

Normally a standard keyboard with the function keys has only the F-number print on them while some may have the abbreviations of some default actions printed on or beside them.


Here, in computing, a control key is one of the special keyboard keys bearing this symbol (Ctrl). 

The control key is normally located on or near the bottom left side of most standard keyboards with many having an additional one at the bottom right of the keyboards. 

The control key doesn't really perform any function when been pressed alone by itself, same with the Shift Key rather it performs some vital operations when been pressed down with another key.

However, the function keys when been pressed down performs the operation as the abbreviations or default actions printed on or beside them. 

Meanwhile, the Control Keys works perfectly in all cases.


  • F1
The F1 key is used for HELP. This helps when a computer user wants help on a particular program, then you should click on the F1 key for help and it opens up the help window for you. 

However, the F1 Key is also used to enter the BIOS mode. The other use of the F1 key is achieved when pressed down the window key and the F1 key. 
Example; Win + F1, open up the Help Windows in Microsoft.

  • F2
The F2 Key works in all windows version and is used for moving files when working on some system programs. 

It is also used in renaming a file or folder (Shortcut key to rename a file/folder). 

The other uses of F2 keys are achieved when pressing the Alt+Ctrl+F2, opens a document as a Microsoft Word, pressing the Ctrl+F2, opens a preview window in Microsoft Word.
  • F3
The F3 Key is used to insert auto text on some system programs. In windows or MS-DOS charge line, the F3 key is used to rehash the last summons. 

The other uses of the F3 key are achieved when pressed down the Win+F3, it opens the Advanced Search Window in Microsoft Outlook. 

Also pressing Shift+F3 changes the selected text in Microsoft word to upper case or lower case and capital letters of mostly the first letter of each word.

  • F4
The F4 Key is used to repeat some actions in system program files. F4 key also opens the location bar in windows explorer and internet explorer when been pressed down. 

Other uses of the F4 key is achieved when pressing Ctrl+F4, it closes the present environment on windows, pressing down Alt+F4, closes the system windows.

  • F5
The F5 key performs the Go to action on some system programs, it also helps in Refreshing a Page or Desktop Environment. 

The F5 key opens up the running of a slide to demonstrate in PowerPoint.

  • F6
The F6 key performs the operation of Less Pen action in some system Programs. Also, The F6 key moves the cursor in the location bar. 

Pressing down the Ctrl+Shift+F6 key opens a Document in Microsoft Word.

  • F7
The F7 key is mostly used to check the spelling and grammar in any Document Programs of Microsoft like Word, Outlook and a few others.

  • F8
The F8 serves as the extent selection action in some system application programs. It is also used to make your computer to enter safe mode while the computer is about to boot.

  • F9
The F9 key performs the action as Update selection in some system programs. In most cases, the F9 Key doesn't have any function to do in Windows. 

  • F9
The F9 key can only be used in few programs like AutoCAD.

  • F10
The F10 key is used to activate certain Menu bar of system programs, like in activating menu bar of the Open Organizer Window. 

Pressing down Shift+F10 key works same as the right click of a mouse. Also pressing down the F10 key during system booting displays the BIOS information.
  • F11
The F11 key is used to enter next field program environment in some cases and also helps you to enter Full-Screen Mode in some few system applications and programs.
  • F12
The F12 key is used to save a file or document, pressing the F12 Key opens the "Save As" environment in Microsoft Word. 

Also pressing down Shift+F12 key saves a document in Microsoft Word automatically. 

The other use of the F12 key helps in opening the inspect element box in Browsers, by pressing down Ctrl+Shift+F12 key, prints a document in Microsoft Word.


  •  Ctrl A – Highlight/Select All
  • Ctrl B – Bold
  • Ctrl C – Copy
  • Ctrl D – Duplicate
  • Ctrl E – Centre Alignment
  • Ctrl F – Find
  • Ctrl G – Go To
  • Ctrl H – Replace
  • Ctrl I – Italics
  • Ctrl J – Justify
  • Ctrl K – Hyperlink
  • Ctrl L – Left Alignment
  • Ctrl M – Tab
  • Ctrl N – New
  • Ctrl O – Open
  • Ctrl P – Print
  • Ctrl Q – Convert to Curve
  • Ctrl R – Right Alignment
  • Ctrl S – Save
  • Ctrl T – Paragraph
  • Ctrl U – Underline
  • Ctrl V – Paste
  • Ctrl W – Close Window
  • Ctrl X – Cut
  • Ctrl Y – Redo
  • Ctrl Z – Undo.


  • ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)
  • ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
  • ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)
  • ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items) ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)
  • ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
  • ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu)
 Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)

     Dialog Box Keyboard Shortcuts Keys

    • CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
    • CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
    • TAB (Move forward through the options)
    • SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
    • ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
    • SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
    • Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)
    • F1 key (Display Help)
    • F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
    • BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)

    Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts

    • Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
    • Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)
    • Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop)
    • Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows)
    • Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restore the minimized windows)
    • Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer)
    • Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder)
    • CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)
    • Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help)
    • Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard)
    • Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box)
    • Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager)

    Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts Keys

    • Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)
    • Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)
    • Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
    • SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)
    • NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off)
    • Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager)

    Windows Explorer Keyboard Shortcuts

    1. END (Display the bottom of the active window)
    2. HOME (Display the top of the active window)
    3. NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)
    4. NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)
    5. NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)
    6. LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)
    7. RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)

    Shortcut Keys for Character Map

    • After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:
    • RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)
    • LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)
    • UP ARROW (Move up one row)
    • DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)
    •  PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)
    • PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)
    • HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)
    • END (Move to the end of the line)
    • CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)
    • CTRL+END (Move to the last character)
    • SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Nor mal mode when a character is selected)

    Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts

    • CTRL+O (Open a saved console)
    • CTRL+N (Open a new console)
    • CTRL+S (Save the open console)
    • CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)
    • CTRL+W (Open a new window)
    • F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
    • ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)
    • ALT+F4 (Close the console)
    • ALT+A (Display the Action menu)
    • ALT+V (Display the View menu)
    • ALT+F (Display the File menu)
    • ALT+O (Display the Favorites menu)

    Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

    • CTRL+ALT+END (Open the m*cro$oft Windows NT Security dialog box)
    • ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)
    • ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)
    • ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)
    • ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)
    • CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)
    • ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
    • CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
    • CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

     Windows 7 Keyboard Shortcuts

    • Win+Home: Clear all but the active window
    • Win+Space: All windows become transparent so you can see through to the desktop
    • Win+Up arrow: Maximize the active window
    • Win+Down arrow: Minimize the window/Restore the window if it's maximized
    • Win+Left/Right arrows: Dock the window to each side of the monitor (If you've got dual monitors, adding Shift to the mix (e.g., Win+Shift+Right arrow) will move the window to the adjacent monitor.)
    • Win+T: Focus and scroll through items on the taskbar.
    • Win+P: Adjust presentation settings for your display
    • Win+(+/-): Zoom in/out
    • Shift+Click a taskbar item: Open a new instance of that application
    • Win+Up: Maximize
    • Win+Down: Restore / Minimize
    • Win+Left: Snap to left
    • Win+Right: Snap to right
    • Win+Shift+Left: Jump to left monitor
    • Win+Shift+Right: Jump to right monitor
    • Win+Home: Minimize / Restore all other windows
    • Win+T : Focus the first taskbar entry
    • Win+Space: Peek at the desktop
    • Win+G: Bring gadgets to the top of the Z-order
    • Win+P: External display options (mirror, extend desktop, etc)
    • Win+X: Mobility Center (same as Vista, but still handy!)
    • RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu) 
    • LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu) 
    • BACKSPACE (View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer) 
    • ESC (Cancel the current task) 
    • SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)
     So here is the comprehensive checklist of A - Z Function and Control Keyboard Keys for a Computer. All The Complete Function Keys And Shortcuts keys of a Computer Keyboard, all keyboard shortcuts keys, all computer functional command keys, shortcuts keys in a computer.

    Indeed it is a complete list, you have all it takes to master these shortcut keys here today and see yourself becoming a computer guru. 

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